Why is there so much talk about the first female president in Mexico?

Mexicans voted on Sunday in a historic presidential election between two women. In fact, Mexico has a history of gender bias and discrimination and so this is a historic moment for Mexico, where for the first time two women are running for president.

The two leading presidential candidates are women: Claudia Schönbaum of the leftist Morena party and Xochitl Gálvez of the conservative PAN party, representing a coalition of opposition parties. The third candidate is Jorge Alvarez Menez, the youngest in the race and representing the center-left Civic Movement.

The poll held on Sunday was the biggest in the country’s history. This is because 98 million voters cast their ballots in Mexico and there are 1.4 million Mexicans who can also cast their votes from abroad. There are more than 20,000 vacancies to be filled, of which an estimated 70,000 candidates are vying to become senators, mayors and governors.

The election, considered the bloodiest in Mexico’s history, has been fueled by violence. Dozens of political candidates and petitioners have been killed by criminal organizations trying to influence incumbents.

This election is historic in Mexican politics

These elections are playing a historic role in Mexican politics. Two women standing in the presidential election shows the progress the country has made since 1988. Let us tell you that the first election was held in 1988 in Mexico. Sunday’s election will play an important role in strengthening Mexico’s democracy.

Who is Claudia Sheinbaum?

At 61, having served as mayor of Mexico City and being a climate scientist himself, Sheinbaum brings a wealth of experience to the table. A staunch ally of incumbent President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Scheinbaum’s candidacy represents a continuation of his policies focusing on social welfare, education and environmental sustainability. If elected, she would not only be Mexico’s first female president, but also the first leader of Jewish heritage, CNN reported. In his policies, Sheinbaum promised:

  • Continuing López Obrador’s pension program for seniors
  • Extension of scholarships to students
  • Providing free fertilizer to small farmers
  • Implementation of comprehensive security reforms, including integration of the National Guard and judicial reforms

Who is Xochitl Galvez?

Backed by a coalition of opposition parties including the PRI, PAN and PRD, Gálvez is mounting a strong challenge to Scheinbaum’s candidacy. With a background in business and politics, Gálvez offers a fresh perspective on governance, advocating for a universal social security system and focusing on strengthening local law enforcement agencies. Their proposals include:

  • Continuing López Obrador’s pension program for seniors
  • To implement a comprehensive social welfare system for the middle and lower classes
  • Prioritizing renewable energy initiatives to reduce Mexico’s dependence on fossil fuels
  • Strengthen local and state police forces to tackle security challenges

These are the main challenges that the President will face

In addition to the personalities and policies of the presidential candidates, Mexico’s elections are influenced by important issues such as security and migration. With rising crime rates and ongoing challenges along its borders, Mexico faces complex and interconnected challenges that require thoughtful leadership and strategic solutions. Security for voters is a top priority, with concerns about political violence and organized crime affecting the electoral process. Violence is still very prevalent in Mexico and the safety of citizens is always at risk because of this. Security of citizens in such a situation is one of the most important challenges for the President. (Also input from ANI)

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